Laxman Pai

Laxman Pai is an Indian artist and painter. He is a former principal of the Goa College of Art, a post he held from 1977 to 1987. Pai is a recipient of several awards including the civilian honour of Padma Shri, awarded by the Government of India.

Credit: goaartgallery

Early life and education

Pai was born in Margao, Goa on 21 January 1926. His trst with art was at his uncle’s Mauzo Photo Stuido in Margao, where he used to touch up the black and white photographs with paint. In the 1940s, he was actively involved in the Goa liberation movement for which he was arrested thrice by the Portuguese colonials. He was beaten by the Portuguese police after being arrested and for this reason, his parents sent him to the city of Bombay where he studied at the Sir J. J. School of Art in Mumbai from 1943 to 1947. He was awarded the Mayo Medal in 1947. Pai has offered a satyagraha outside the Margao Police Station in 1946.


Soon after completing his studies, Pai started teaching at the Sir J. J. School of Art. At the same time, participated in the activities of the Bombay Progressive Artists’ Group, although he did not become its member. Pai recalls that once, a nude painting by Francis Newton Souza was objected to by the then Chief Minister of Bombay State, Morarji Desai. Due to Pai’s association with Souza, he was demoted. Pai wrote a letter about it to the Sir J. J. School of Art but was told to drop his accusations against the Director. He declined to do so and was expelled as result.

Subsequently, he wrote to S. H. Raza who was then in Paris. Raza made arrangements for Pai’s arrival in Paris. Pai went to Paris and studied fresco and etching there. He studied at the prestigious École des Beaux-Arts and stayed in Paris for ten years. During his stay in Paris, Pai held ten solo exhibitions in the city. His work was exhibited widely including exhibitions in London, Munich, Hanover, Stuttgart, New York City, Bremen, San Francisco, Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Goa and São Paulo. Pai learnt rosenthal porcelain art in Germany.

Returning to India, he took up the post of the principal of the Goa College of Art in 1977 and served the institution until 1987.

Pai’s works

From 1947 to 1950 Pai was largely inspired by Goan subjects and the concept of Indian miniatures. His initial works speak about the Goan way of life, as can be seen from his paintings depicting the ‘Zambaulim Shigmo’ or the process of feni-making. Pai was also inspired by ancient Egyptian sculptures. He listens to music when he paints. His favourites include Kumar Gandharv, Bhimsen Joshi and Kishori Amonkar. Pai has painted various paintings based on different ragas of Indian classical music. In his works, he gives a visual interpretation to the moods of the music as determined by the vibrations of the notes. His painting series,’Musical Moods’ (1965) was inspired by Indian classical ragas. Pai used to also play the sitar and the bansuri.

His paintings are on display at Ben and Abby Grey Foundation, New York Public Library, Berlin Museum, Museum of Modern Art, Paris, Madras Museum, Nagpur Museum, National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi and Punjab University Museum.


  • Lalit Kala Akademi award, three times (1961, 1963, 1972)
  • Padma Shri awards, Government of India (1985)
  • State Award of the Government of Goa
  • Nehru Award (1995)
  • Gomant Vibhushan Award, Goa’s highest civilian award.


Photo Gallery